Fast Growing Crops In Nigeria You Can Harvest Within A Year

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We urgently, need to start farming crops in Nigeria, that will yield within the next 3-9 months because of the shortages of food that is emminent all over the world due to lockdown. There are many crops we can plant and harvest within the next 3 to 1 year. Crops like; Rice, Beans, Cassava, maize, potatoes, yam etc. Ofcourse, a good avenue for foreign exchange earning as we grow crops for local consumption and exportation.

It is no longer news that crude all is not enough to sustain the economy of Nigeria. Even before the advent of Covid-19 oil prices have been dwindling. This is because some countries have discovered alternatives to crude oil (solar, electricity and oil from certain seeds) and have looked away from crude oil thereby making the demands less attractive. The next alternative to oil in terms of revenue generation is Agriculture. And there is no alternative to farming business the world is going to be high demand for food, an opporrunity we need to grap. Instead for Agriculture to dwindle in business, it will rather accelerate this is because of our growing population. We were yet to come to terms with this when covid-19 came and further expand the reasons why we should quickly engage more in Agriculture sector.

Some scholars have predicted food shortage and hunger that will arise as an aftermath of covid-19, infact an average person knows this, especially, when you add one and one together,. It is very clear to the blind and loud to the deaf. As such, every organisation should start doing something about it; Government, Private and Individuals, whether in small scale or larger scale. Government should be able to encourgae farmers and interested persons to engage in farming especially now that we are in raining season. It is not enough to tell farmers to go back to the farms without providing enabling environment for them, such as;

  • Providing seeds not just any seed but quality seeds such as, hybrid seeds.
  • Mechanization; farms that are large should be mechanized to encourage people to grow large farms
  • provision of fertilizers
  • Money for Miscellaneous
  • Above all, provide protection for farms and farmers.

Just as I was about to post this article I read a news from Premium Times that 81,000 tons of seed are available for distribution to farmers, impressive! As Oliver twist more should be done to encourage many persons to join farming. By the way do you know that, the next generation of billionaires will be majorly farmers. As if it was not happening before I mean majorly not sparingly. Think about this and start farming today.

3 months Crops in Nigeria

Soybean

Soybean is a leguminous crop and can grow any where, it matures within 85 days (3 months). Planting season is July to August, the yield varies according to management.

They are planted mainly for the edible beans which has many uses. Soybeans has the highest protein in food and second in oil to groundnut in leguminous crop. The factors to consider before planting sorghums are; Land choice, seed dressing, seed rate, spacing

RICE

Rice farming business is very lucrative , some people say, it is the best  Nigeria has a huge market for rice, it can be grown and harvested in 90-120 years (3-4 months) An acre can produce 100 bags of rice. The things you need to start rice farming are;

  • Land
  • Capital
  • Labour
  • Tractor
  • Fertilizer
  • Water

With irrigation you can plant all year round. To succeed in rice farming you need, good seeds because the healthier your seeds the more yield you get. Your seeds should be chosen based on your environment. This is because it can increase yield by 5-15%. To provide excellent germination effective bird control should be enforced.

Quick maturing crops in nigeria


MILLET

Millet are from grass family known as cereals crop, it is a small grain seed that serves both human and animal food. Animals gain weight faster with millet compared to others like sorghum. They can withstand hard condition such as; poor soil, drought etc. Millet grow well when cultivated in a fertile soil with adequate moisture. Improved variety or hybrid variety produce 2-4 times higher than other varieties.

Crops You Harvest in Less Than 6 Months

SORGHUM

It is the fifth most important grain after maize, rice, wheat and barley, they do well in warm arid areas. Sorghum takes 4 months to mature, it has a ready market and is very profitable. Propagation is done by broadcasting on ridges. The most challenging factor in Sorghum farming is birds invasion. They are use for beverages, fodder, fibre, porridge, cookies and other snacks.

60 Days Crops in Nigeria

POTATOES
Irish Potatoes

Irish potato are mostly grown in Plateau and Taraba States but in the Mambilla region. It can be grown on any kind of soil except saline and alkaline soils but growing them in a well drained sandy-loam soil is ideal. They can be propagated through seeds but starts growing when the temperature is 45 degree F. They are mature for harvest 2-3 months after planting. Potatoes can be used as a source of foreign exchange and a major form of employment.

Sorghum farming, guinea corn farming
Crops in nigeria

Sweet Potato

Sweet Potato can be planted with stem cuttings. The best part for planting is the tip that is taken from adult plant with length 30cm of the vine. They are planted between March-April and during late rains August-September but with irrigation it can be planted anytime . It is a low risk crop

6-10 months Crops in Nigeria

CASSAVA

Cassava farming in Nigeria is one of the most popular and common source of livelihood for small scale farmers. This is because cassava is processed into many different forms  for local consumption in most homes if not all in Nigeria.

This root crops is drought tolerant and give good yields if well managed. Cassava farming is very profitable because of their demands, Nigeria population is growing every day thereby making cassava and its products to be on high demand. They can be harvested, between 6-9 months depending on the variety
 Cassava can be processed into

  • Garri
  • Fufu
  • Starch
  • Hay
  • Flour
  • Chips etc.  

PLANTAIN

Plantain farming is one of the most profitable agribusiness you should consider. it is one of the most common staple food, just like cassava. It is high in depend and our growing population has created opportunity for their cultivation.

One of the reasons why plantain farming is lucrative is because once planted, you will keep harvesting fruits every year until their planting season is over. Plantain can be harvested after planting between 7-10 months depending on the variety you planted. The variety cultivated now is the hybrid variety, they are short and produce heavy bunches.

YAM

Yam can be planted between late April and early May some people cultivate theirs between December- February, it matures between 5-7 months. This tuber crop needs a sandy-loam soil rich in organic matter. Land preparation is done by mounting heaps or ridges of 1m height. Yam requires adequate sunlight for optimum growth, that is why you have to stake them. 10-15 tonnes yield can be realized in a hectare if all management procedures are observed.

Conclusion

There is need to urgently plant crops with shortest growing season in Nigeria. In other to produce abundant food for local consumption and exportation of processed and raw foods.

We have early maturing crops in Nigeria for you to choose and start planting so we won’t experience starvation in this part of the world. One good cash crops for food is noringa for those experiencing malnutrition.

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2 COMMENTS

  1. Please, I stay in Abuja and I would want to know 3 months crop I can plant in September. I intended to plant soybeans but I was told it’s late. Please, I need your input. Thanks

    • Beans would have been fine. Farming of beans starts from August but you can still plant now. Since we are gradually approaching dry season why not go into dry season vegetable farming such as; okra, ugu, pepper and other vergies

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